Many countries, many conlangs

Some days ago, I started to translate the names of every single country in the world to four of my conlangs. It was rather a hard task… and a long one, there are so many countries out there! Nonetheless, it was a really interesting translation exercise. I also decided to include the names of the continental landmasses, some territories in dispute as well as the word for Earth itself. A full toponyms guide for alternative-word journalists 😉

I chose four conlangs which different ways o dealing with country names. The first one is Efenol. It’s based on Spanish, and so are its toponyms. However, many of them have been modified so much that it’s hard to recognize them (like Wân which bears little resemblance with “Uganda”). The second one is Inlush which, just as the former, is also based on an actual language (English), but sometimes with hardly recognizable results (who would say that Vanatu would end up being Fanwetó?). Then it comes Romanice. It’s a clearly Romance-based conlang and most toponyms are similar to those of other languages (Corea del Sur is also Spanish for South Korea, whereas Istati Uniti is almost Italian for US). The last conlang I chose is Tengoko, a mainly a priori language. Most Tengoko toponyms are based on the pronunciation of the name in the local language, with some exceptions such as Nuyem-Ryan’gek (Union Kingdom) for the United Kingdom.

(The list is after the read more tag)

ENGLISH EFENOL INLUSH ROMANICE TENGOKO





Earth Tîr Éet Terra Tera / Kabir





Africa Afîch Afruke África Afrika





Algeria Alcheri Aljirie Numidia / Algeria Arzyayer
Angola Agôl Angole Angola Angora
Benin Benîn Bénun Dahomei Benen
Botswana Bûthana Botswane Beçuana Botswana
Burkina Faso Burgin-Faso Beekine Fasó Burchina Faso Burkinafaso
Burundi Burudi Bóróndi Burundí Burundi
Cameroon Camerûn Kamerón Camerún Kamerun
Cape Verde Cabh Berdh Kaipferd / Kaip Verde Cap Verde Kabuberdi
Central African Republic Thenthorafîch Séntrel Afruken Ripebluk Centroáfrica Kyuafrika e Nazgek
Chad Teadh Shad Ciad / Çad Syad
Comoros Comora Kameróz Comore / Le Comore Kamari / Kumuri
Côte d’Ivoire Coth Mharfil Kót-difwe Costa d’Ebora Kutdiwar
D.R. of Congo R.D. de·Chong Kangó D.R. Saire / R.D. del Congo Kongoar Naz e Nazgek
Djibouti Sivudi Jubóru Gibuti Dyibuti
Egypt Echît Ijut Egipto Masar
Equatorial Guinea Ginê Epadhoral Ikwaitorel Gini Ghinea Equatorial Kyukabar Ginea
Eritrea Erithêr Érutrie Eritrea Eritra
Ethiopia Idobî Ityópie Etiopia Ityoppya
Gabon Gavôn Gebon Gabón Gabon
Gambia / The Gambia Gamî Gambie Gambia Gambia
Ghana Gana Gane Gana Gana
Guinea Ginê Gini Ghinea Ginea
Guinea-Bissau Ginê-Bhisau Gini-Buso Ghinea-Bissau Ginea-Bisaw
Kenya Cîna Kénye Chenia Kenya
Lesotho Leod Lusótó Lesoto Risutu
Liberia Livîr Leiburie Liveria Raybirya
Libya Lîvi Lubie Livia Ribya
Madagascar Madhâchar Madegaske Madagascar Madagaskar
Malawi Malaij Melavi Malaui Marawi
Mali Malî Mali Mali Mari
Mauritania Mauridein Morutanie Mauritania Muritaniya
Mauritius Maurîth Merishes Mauriço Moris
Morocco Maryg Merakó Maroco Maqrib
Mozambique Mothamig Mózambik Mosambiche Musambiki
Namibia Namîbh Namubie Namibia Namibiya
Niger Nicher Neije / Nije Niger Nizyer
Nigeria Nichîr Neijurie Nigeria Naydirya
Republic of Congo Rebulvich Cgong Ripebluk of Kangó República Congolesa / Congo Kongo Nazgek
Rwanda Ruan Róande Ruanda Rwanda
Sahrawi Arab D.R. Saâr del’Yth Serawi Ripebluk República Saharana Sahrawi Nazgek
São Tomé and Príncipe Santh Tomê i Finthib Sotómay en Prinzupe Santo Tomas e Principe Sawtume ze Pinzipi
Senegal Seneal Sénugol Senegal Senegar
Seychelles Sîtêl Saishélez Seicele Sesyer sapa
Sierra Leone Sîr Leon Siére Lión Serra Leona Syerariun
Somalia Soveil Sómalie Somalia Somariya
Somaliland Soveilân Sómaliland Somalilanda Somari e Gek
South Africa Surafîch Sot-Afruke Suráfrica Dinafrika
South Sudan Sudhân Hur Sot-Sódan Sudán del Sur Dinsudan
Sudan Sudhan North Noet-Sódan Sudán (del Norte) Sudan / Kitsudan
Swaziland Sauthilân Swaziland Suasilanda Swatini
Tanzania Tazein Tanzenie Tansania Tanzania
Togo Tôg Tógó Togo Togo
Tunisia Tijn Tónije Tunisia Tunis
Uganda Wân Ógande Uganda Uganda
Zambia Theim Zambie Sambia Zambia
Zimbabwe Thimavy Zumbavé Simbague Zimbabwe
America Amerig Amérike América / L’Amériche Amerika





Central America Amerig thenthâl Séntrel Amérike América Central Kyuamerika
North America Northamerig Noet Amérike América del Norte Kitamerika
South Americal Sudhamerig Sot Amérike América del Sur Dinamerika
Antigua and Barbuda Anthij i Barvudh Antige en Baebóde Antica e Barbuda Antiwa Barbudaze
Argentina Archenthin Aejentine Arghentina Arhentina
Bahamas / The Bahamas Baâm Behamez / De Behamez Bahame Bahamaz
Barbados Berveidh Barbaidos Barbado Barbeydos
Belize Belith Beliz Bélise Bariz
Bolivia Bolîbh Belufie Bolivia Boribya
Brazil Varzil Brezul Brasil Bazyu
Canada Canadh Kanede Canadá Kanada
Chile Tîl Shuli Cili Tyire
Colombia Colëm Kelembie Colombia Kolombya
Costa Rica Coth Rig Koste Rike Costarrica Kostarika
Cuba Cuva Kyebe Cuba Kuba
Dominica Dominig Domunike Domínica Dominika
Dominican Republic Rebulvich Dominigan Demunuken Ripebluk República Dominicana Dominikaar Nazgek
Ecuador Epadhor Ékwedoe República d’Equator Ekwador
El Salvador Salvadhor Él-Salvedoe Salvador Sarbador
French Guiana⁴ Wasean Fanthê Frénsh Géyane Guaiana Francesa Fansa e Gwiyan
Greenland⁵ Rhënlân Grinland Ronlanda Genran
Grenada Rhanadh Grunaide Arenada Rineyda
Guatemala Wademâl Gwetemale Guatemala Watemara
Guyana Wasean Géyane Guiana Gayana
Haiti Eidî Haitu Aití / L’Ispaniola Ayiti
Honduras Ëdyr Hondórez República d’Ondore Onduras
Jamaica Chameig Jemaike Giamaica Dyamayka
Mexico Mêchico / Mechig Méksukó Mésico Mehiko
Nicaragua Nigarau Nukeragwe Nicaragua Nikarawa
Panama Panamâ Panema Panamá Panama
Paraguay Parawai Peregwey Paraguai Paraway
Peru Perû Peró Perú Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis San Chithoval i Nîbh Saint Kuts en Nifus Santo Cristofe e Nevis Seynkit ze Niwis
Saint Lucia Santh Luthî Saint Lóshe Santa Lucia Seynrusya
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines San Bithenth i Rhenedhin Saint Funzent en de Grénedinz Santo Vincente e l’Arenadine Senfinzen ze Renadin sapa
Suriname Surinam Serunam Suriname Sirinama
Trinidad and Tobago Thirnidhadh i Tovau Trunudad en Tobaigó Trinidá e Tobago Tinidad Tobeygoze
United States S’Itheidh Unidh Yeneitud Thaits of Amérike Istati Uniti / L’América Nugeka
USA IU YTA IUA Nugeka
Uruguay Uruwai Yeregwey Uruguai Uruway
Venezuela Benethyl Fenuzwéle Venesuela Beneswera
Antarctica Antharthidh Antaetuke Antártica Kyorkaqba
Eurasia Yrasea Yóraije Eurasia Ewroasya
Asia Asea Aije Asia Asya
Abkhazia¹ Achasi Abkezie Abcasia Apnigek
Afghanistan Avanithân Afganuthan Afganistán Afgangek
Armenia¹ Arvîn Aeminie Armenia Hayastan
Azerbaijan¹ Atherveân Azebeijan Aserbaicán Azerbaykan
Bahrain Barîn Barain Baréin Bahrayn
Bangladesh Banladhês Bangledésh Bengala Bangrades
Bhutan Budân Bótan Bután Butan
Brunei Vurnî Brónéy Brunéi Buney
Cambodia Camës Kambódie Cambogia Kampukya
China Tîna Sheine Catái Zyonggwo
Cyprus¹ Tîfer Seipres Chipria Kipros
Georgia¹ Chërchi Joeje Cartulia / Georgia Sakartwero
India Îdia Undie India Indya / Barat
Indonesia Idonesi Indenije Indonesie Indonesya
Iran Irân Iran Irán / Persia Iran
Iraq Irâg Irak Irac Irak
Israel Irêl Uzrayel Israél Yisrael
Japan Chabôn Japan Cipango Nipon
Jordan Chordein Joeden Geordania Urdun
Kazakhstan¹ Cathachithân Kazekthan Casachistán Kazahgek
Kuwait Cuweid Kóvait Cuhaitia Kuwayt
Kyrgizstan Kirhithân Kéeguthan Chirghistán Kirgizgek
Laos Lao Laós Laho Rao
Lebanon Lîvan Lébenon Líbano Rubnan
Malaysia Malasea Melaije Malasia Maraysya
Maldives Meldhibh / A·Meldhibh Moldeifez Maldive Diwehi sapa
Mongolia Mogël Mongólie Mongolia Mongorgek
Myanmar / Burma Meamâr Myanmae Burmania Myanma
Nagorno-Karabakh¹ Nagorno-Carabach Nagoeno-Karebak Nagorno-Karabakh Rernayin-Qarabaq
Nepal Nebâl Népol Nepal Nepar
North Korea Corê North Noet Korie Corea del Norte Tyoson / Kittyoson
Northern Cyprus¹ Tîfer North Noeten Seipres Chipria del Norte Kitkipros
Oman Omân Óman Omán Uman
Pakistan Pagithân Pakuthan Pachistán Pakistan
Palestine Palethîn Paluthun Palestina Firastiniya
People’s Republic of China Rebulvich Pobulâr Tîna Pipol-Ripebluk of Sheine República Popular Catahí Zyonggwoar Naz e Nazgek
Philippines Filibîn Fulupinz Filipine Piripinas sapa
Qatar Cadâr Katae Catar Katar
Republic of China Rebulvich Tdîna Ripebluk of Sheine República de Catái Zyonggwo-Nazgek
Russia¹ Rusea Reshe Rusia Rusgek / Rosiya
Saudi Arabia Aravi Haudhî Sodi Ereibie Araviha-Saudi Suud-e-Arabiya
Singapore Sigabûr Sunepoe Singapura Singapura
South Korea Corê Hul Sot Korie Corea del Sur Han’guk / Dinhan’guk
South Ossetia¹ Ohîd Hur Sot-Ósétie Osetia del Sur Diniriston
Sri Lanka Sirlanch Sheri-Lanke Ceilán Siriranka
Syria Siri Surie Siria Suriya
Tajikistan Teisigithân Tajikuthan Tahichistán Todyikigek
Thailand Teilân Teiland Tailanda Taygek
Timor-Leste / East Timor Timôr del’Eth Ith Timoe Timor Este Timorreste / Rettimor
Turkey¹ Tyrchi Teeki Turchiha Turkiye
Turkmenistan Tyrchoventhân Teekménuthan Turcomanistán Turmen’gek
United Arab Emirates Ivireidh Aravi Unidh Yeneitud Erab Émiraits Emirati Arabi Uniti Emirgeka e Nuyem
UAE IAU YEÉ EAU EGN
Uzbekistan Ubegithân Ózbékuthan Usbechistán Ozbekgek
Vietnam Bîtnam Fiétnam Viet-nam Byetnam
Yemen Sîmen Yémen Iemen Yaman
Europe Yrob Yórop Europa Ewropa
European Union Ynon Yrobê Yóropien Yónion Unio Europea Ewropaar Nuyem
EU YY YY UE EN
Albania Alvani Albainie Albania Kiperis
Abkhazia¹ Achasi Abkezie Abcasia Apnigek
Andorra Adôr Andore Andorra Andora
Armenia¹ Arvîn Aeminie Armenia Hayastan
Austria Ôthir Othire Austria Estarayk
Azerbaijan¹ Atherveân Azebeijan Aserbaicán Azerbaykan
Belarus Bîlorusea Bélerós Rusia Bianca Bakrusgek
Belgium Belchig Béljem Bélgica Berqiya
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bënz i Erthëvin Boznie-Hérzegófine Bosnia e Ersegovina Bosna Hersegowinaze
Bulgaria Buleir Bélgerie Traça / Bulgaria Burgariya
Croatia Crayth Króaishe Croaça Herwatka
Cyprus¹ Tîfer Seipres Chipria Kipros
Czech Republic Rebulvich Tîg Shék Ripebluk Bohemia / R. Cieca Tyesko / Tyesko Nazgek
Denmark Dinavarch Dénmaek Danimarca Danmak
England² Igalthêr Unland Anchieterra Ingran
Estonia Ethën Ustónie Estonia Estigek / Esti
Faroe Islands⁵ Il Ferë Faroe Eilandd Isule Faroa Feroyar Sapa
Finland Finlân Funland Finlanda Swomi
France Fânth Franz França Fanze
Georgia¹ Chërchi Joeje Cartulia / Georgia Sakartwero
Germany Alemein Jemanu Germania Doytlan
Greece Rhîth Gris Areça Erada / Eras
Holland³ Olân Holand Holanda Horan
Hungary Ugari Hengere Ungaria Mayarorzag
Iceland Ilân Eizland Islanda Isran
Ireland Irlân Éyeland Ivernia Erya
Italy Ideil Uteli Italia Itarya
Kazakhstan¹ Cathachithân Kazekthan Casachistán Kazahgek
Kosovo Cosobh Kosefe Kosovo / Cosovo Kosowo
Latvia Ledën Latfie Lagalia Ratwiya
Liechtenstein Lîtenthein Lutenthein Lihtenstein Ristentayn
Lithuania Lydein Lutwaine Lituania Ryetuwa
Luxembourg Lusemûr Leksembéeg Lusemburgo Rutsebur
Macedonia Mathedhën Masudónie Macedonia Makedoniya
Malta Malth Malte Malta Marta
Moldova Moldeibh Moldófe Moldavia Mordowa
Monaco Monag Monekó Mónaco Monako
Montenegro Month-Nêr Montunaigró Montenigra Sernagora / Guben
Nagorno-Karabakh¹ Nagorno-Carabach Nagoeno-Karebak Nagorno-Karabakh Rernayin-Qarabaq
Netherlands Pai Bach / O·Pai Bach Nédelandd Paesi Basi Pagekair / Nedarran
Northern Cyprus¹ Tîfer North Noeten Seipres Chipria del Norte Kitkipros
Northern Ireland² Irlân North Noeten Éyeland Ivernia del Norte Kit-Erya / Kit-Ayeran
Norway Norij Noevay Norvegia Norga
Poland Polën Póland Polonia Porka
Portugal Pôrthâl Poeshugel Lusitania Purtuqar
Romania Rumein Rómainie Romania Rominia
Russia¹ Rusea Reshe Rusia Rusgek / Rosiya
San Marino San Marino San Merinó Sanmarino Sanmarino
Scotland² Echëth Cotland Iscotia Eskotran / Arba
Sealand Sîlan Shiland Sealand Siran
Serbia Sîrbh Séebie Serbia Serbiya
Slovakia Eslovag Ezlófakie Eslavachia Eslowenka
Slovenia Eslovein Ezlófinie Eslovenia Esloweniya
South Ossetia¹ Ohîd Hur Sot-Ósétie Osetia del Sur Diniriston
Spain Efên Spain Ispania Espanya
Sweden Sythi Swiden Suetia Swarye
Switzerland Syth Swutseland Elvetia Swayt
Transnitria Tazithira Tranznitrie Transnitria Nisterdus Gek
Turkey¹ Tyrchi Teeki Turchiha Turkiye
Ukraine Ucharin Yekrain Ucrania Ukrayina
United Kingdom (UK) Rîn Unidh Yeneited Kundom (YK) Rehno Unito Nuyem Ryan’gek
Vatican City Badigân / Sydhadh Bhadigân Fatukan Suru Citá del Vaticano Watikanoar Maz
Wales² Geil Vail / Vailez Cambria Kamri
Oceanía Othêni Ójenie Oceania Sapaz Handarirar
Australia Autheil Othailie Australia Osterya
Fiji Fiî Fiji Fihi / Insule Fihi Fiti sapa
Kiribati Ciriveid Kurubas Chiribá / Gilbertia Kiribas sapa
Marshall Islands Îl Marseal Maeshel Eilandd Insule Marshall Marsyar sapa
Micronesia Michornesi Meikronije Migronesia Maykownizya
Nauru Naûr / Nauru Naóró Nahuru Nauru
New Zeland Nybh Thelan Nye Ziland Nova Selanda Qyoziran
Palau Palau Pelo Palao Beraw
Papua New Guinea Pabû Nybh Ginê Papóe Nye Gini Nova Ghinea Papuha Papua-Qyogini
Samoa Samoa / Samô Semóe Samoha Samoa
Solomon Islands Îl Salomôn Solemen Eilandd Insule Salomón Soromon sapa
Tonga Tong Tonge Tonga Tonga
Tuvalu Tuvalu Tófaló Tuvalu Tuwaru
Vanuatu Banadu Fanwetó Vanuatu Wanuatu

Notes:
1-Countries whose territory spans portions of both Asia and Europe.
2-Belongs to the UK
3-Part of the Netherlands
4-Part of France
5-Under the Danish Crown

Some Tengoko words which appear in the list: Gek (country), Nazgek (Republic), Sapa (Islands), Din, Kyu, Kit (South, Center and North).

Of course, this is just a translation exercise. The inclusion or possible exclusion of certain countries does not neccessarily reflect my opinion on them. After all, this isn’t about countries… this is about languages 😉

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Posted on 2012/01/19, in Efenol (en), English, Inlush (en), Multilingual, Romanice (en), Tengoko (en). Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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